166 = 2 x 83.
166 is a centered triangular number.
166 is the smallest number such that the number and its reversal are both congruent to 1 mod p for the same set of distinct odd primes: 166 = 661 = 1 mod (3, 5, 11).
166 is the smallest Smith number that is prime when reversed (661), turned upside down (991), and reversed-then-turned-upside-down (199). You get the next case by inserting a zero between the digits: 10606.
U-166 was the only German submarine lost in the Gulf of Mexico.
Source: Prime Curios!